Rajaji National ParkRajaji National Park is a national park that encompasses the Shivaliks, near the feet of the Himalayas. Three districts of Uttarakhand: Haridwar, Dehradun and Pauri Garwhal make up this sprawling park land which been three different protected areas before being merged into one. Those three areas had been the Chilla, Motichur and Rajaji sanctuaries.
Inhabiting the dense green jungles that form the park are an impressive array of creatures - 23 species of mammals - including tigers, leopards, elephants, deer, jungle cat, wild boar and sloth bear - and 315 species of birds are found in Rajaji. The most prominent avian species include pea fowl, woodpeckers, pheasants, kingfishers and barbets, supplemented by a number of migratory species during the winter months. Besides that, the rivers which flow through the park harbour fish such as trout and mahseer.
Flora & Fauna of Rajaji National Park
The forest eco - systems of the Rajaji National Park are quite varied and diverse. A general survey of the forests reveals some important types of plant association like Shorea, Mallotus and Adina community,Shorea,Terminalia and Bridelia community, Dalbergia, Acacia community, Syzygium, Phoebe and Drypetes community etc. The tropical forest ecosystems of the park have many unique characteristics, which have both scientific as well as practical significance for development. Based on the physiognomy and floristic composition, the permanent vegetation of the park may be classified under the Northern Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests and can be grouped into following six types:
1. Sal forest
2. Mixed forest
3. Riverine forest
4. Scrub forest
6. Sub-tropical pine forest
The park has the largest population of Elephants in Uttarakhand. It also has a good number of Tigers and Leopards. Both elephants and tiger are here, at the North-Western limit of their distribution in india. Wild animals found in Rajaji National Park.
The Goat-like Goral
Himalayan yellow throated marten
Himalayan black bear
The park also houses over four hundred bird species. The Great Pied Hornbill, Himalayan Pied Kingfisher and fire tailed sunbird are some of the residents of our retreat. This area is the first staging ground after the migratory birds cross over the mighty Himalayas into the Indian subcontinent
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