Ranthambore National ParkRanthambore is a national park and tiger reserve in Rajasthan state of western India. It is located in Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan, about 130 km from Jaipur, which is also the nearest airport. The nearest town and railway station is at Sawai Madhopur, 11 km away.
The park lies at the edge of a plateau, and is bounded to the north by the Banas River and to the south by the Chambal River. There are several lakes in the park. It is named for the historic Ranthambore fortress, which lies within the national park. The park covers an area of 392 km˛, and is famous for its tiger population, and is one of India's Project Tiger reserves. Other major wild animals include the leopard, dhole, wild pig, sambar, chital and the gaur.
Major wild animals found in the national park include the tiger, leopard, nilgai, dhole, wild pig, sambar, chital and the gaur. It is also home to wide variety of trees, plants, birds and reptiles.
General info* National Park area: 275 km˛ core area. 392 km˛ including buffer zone.
* Tiger Reserve area: 1334 km˛
* Altitude: 215 to 505 meters above sea level
* Terrain: Dense tropical dry forest, open bushland and rocky terrain interspread with lakes and streams
* Ecoregion: Kathiarbar-Gir dry deciduous forests
* Best Season: between November to March
* Closed:[rainy season]
HistoryRanthambore was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Indian Government, and was declared one of the Project Tiger reserves in 1973. Ranthambore became a national park in 1980. In 1984 the adjacent forests were declared the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, and in 1991 the tiger reserve was enlarged to include Sawai Man Singh and Keladevi sanctuaries, a totally tropical lilt.
TigersAs of 2005, there are 26 tigers living in Ranththambore. The population of tigers has rapidly dropped. In 1982, 44 tigers were alive, but in 1992, there were only around 18. Poaching is a big problem in Ranthambore.
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