Kanha National ParkKanha National Park, part of Project Tiger, is located in Madhya Pradesh, India. The nearest airport and railhead is at Jabalpur (160 km, 3 hours by road). In the 1930s, Kanha area was divided into two sanctuaries, Hallon and Banjar, of 250 and 300 km˛ each. Kanha National Park was created on 1 June 1955. Today it stretches over an area of 940 km˛ in the two districts Mandla and Balaghat. Together with a surrounding buffer zone of 1009 km˛ and the neighboring 110 km˛ Phen Sanctuary it forms the Kanha Tiger Reserve.
FaunaThere is a large tiger population in the park (131 tigers as on June 2006). One can also find leopards, the sloth bear and Indian wild dog. The population of leopards is estimated to 80, the wild dogs to 396 and the sloth bears to 111 individuals for the year 2000. Very rarely seen are the Indian wolf which live in the far east of the park. It comes out after dark which is not a visiting hour.
The most abundant prey species for the large predators is the spotted deer or chital, which number is estimated to about 20000 in the park. The second largest population of deer is that of Sambar (Cervus Unicolor) which constitutes an important prey base of the tiger. Other commonly observed mammals include the common grey langur (6668 in 2000), wild boar (8534 in 2000), gaur (more than thousand in 2000), sambar (3621 in 2000) and barasingha or swamp deer (this is the hardground swamp deer (Cervus duvauceli branderi), found only in Kanha, barely 1200 survive in the wild). Barasingha were only 60 left in this planet when measures were taken to prevent extinction. As of June 2006, the count is around 1200. An attempt to raise the black buck here has failed. The chousingha and the nilgai (blue bull), though rare, can also be found in Kanha.
Transportation & FacilityJabalpur has the nearest Aerodrome (169 K.M.) which is connected with Delhi, Mumbai, and bhopal. Mandla (70 K.M.) is well connected with Kanha, Mandla is having sports clubs, Internet cafe's, guide's, and Churches (Catholic + Protestant), and hundreds of beautiful temples around the city. There are two gates for entrance into the forest. The Kisli gate is best accessible from Jabalpur and the second gate is Mukki. The Kisli gate stops at village Khatia which comes inside the buffer area.
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