indian herbs
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Indian Herbs

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Aloe Vera
Andrographis Paniculata
Argyreia Nervosa
Artocarpus
Ashwagandha
Asparagus Racemosus
Bacopa
Basil
Bhringaraj
Boswellia
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Flax
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Glebionis Segetum
Gymnema Sylvestre
Harmala Alkaloid
Hedychium
Heterophyllus
Hibiscus Abelmoschus
India Gooseberry
Juglans Regia
Liquorice
Morinda
Moring Oleifera
Mucuna Pruriens
Mulberry
Nelumbo Nucifera
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Andrographis paniculatal

Andrographis paniculata is a herbaceous plant in the family Acanthaceae, native to India and Sri Lanka. It is widely cultivated in southern Asia, where it is used to treat infections and some diseases, often being used before antibiotics were created. Mostly the leaves and roots were used for medicinal purposes. Scientists have studied this herb for nearly thirty years.

use

Andrographis paniculata plant extract is known to possess a variety of pharmacological activities. Andrographolide, the major constituent of the extract is implicated towards its pharmacological activity. A study has been conducted on the cellular processes and targets modulated by andrographolide treatment in human cancer and immune cells. Andrographolide treatment inhibited the in vitro proliferation of different tumor cell lines, representing various types of cancers. The compound exerts direct anticancer activity on cancer cells by cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase through induction of cell cycle inhibitory protein p27 and decreased expression of cyclin dependent kinase 4 (CDK4). Immunostimulatory activity of andrographolide is evidenced by increased proliferation of lymphocytes and production of interleukin 2. Andrographolide also enhanced the tumor necrosis factor ? production and CD marker expression, resulting in increased cytotoxic activity of lymphocytes against cancer cells, which may contribute for its indirect anticancer activity. The in vivo anticancer activity of the compound is further substantiated against B16F0 melanoma syngenic and HT 29 xenograft models. These results suggest that andrographolide is an interesting pharmacophore with anticancer and immunomodulatory activities and hence has the potential for being developed as a cancer therapeutic agent.

The herb is the well-known drug Kalmegh 'green chiretta', and forms the principal ingredient of a reputed household medicine ('alui'), used as a bitter tonic and febrifuge.

 

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