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Indian Herbs

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Artocarpus

Artocarpus is a genus of about 60 trees of Southeast Asian origin and the Pacific, belonging to the mulberry family Moraceae.

This genus is closely related to and rather difficult to distinguish from the genus Ficus. They are all laticiferous trees and a few shrubs, of which the leaves, the twigs and the stem can produce a milky sap.

The trees are monoecious, with unisexual flowers, with both sexes on the same plant. The small, greenish, female flowers grow on short, fleshy spikes. After pollination they grow into a syncarpous fruit, which can become very large. The ovary is superior. The stipulated leaves vary from small and entire (Artocarpus integer) to large and lobed (Artocarpus communis). The cordate leaves of Artocarpus communis end in a long, sharp tip.

Species

Recent phylogenetic research, based on leaf arrangement, leaf anatomical characters and stipules, indicates that there are at least two subgenera in Artocarpus :

* subgenus Artocarpus : perianth of fruit is partially connate
* subgenus Pseudojaca : perianth entirely connate.

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