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Indian Cuisines

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Gujarati cuisine

Gujarati cuisine refers to the cuisine of the people from the state of Gujarat in the Northwest Region of India. It is predominantly vegetarian. The typical Gujarati Thali consists of Rotli (a flat bread made from wheat flour), daal or kadhi, rice, and sabzi/shaak (a dish made up of different combinations of vegetables and spices, which may be stir fried, curry-like, or even dry boiled). Cuisine varies in taste and heat, depending on a given family's tastes. Mainly vegetarian, energy-efficient, environment-friendly, and highly nutritious with many subtle tastes[citation needed] Many gujarati dishes have a blend of sweetness. Dishes are not too sweet, but some are a bit sweeter than in other parts of India.[citation needed]

Staples include salad, homemade pickles, Khichdi (rice and lentil or rice and mung daal), and chhaas (buttermilk). Main dishes are based on steamed vegetables and dals that are added to a vaghaar, which is a mixture of spices sterilised in hot oil that is adjusted for the digestive qualities of the main ingredient. Salt, sugar, lemon, lime, and tomato are used frequently to prevent dehydration in an area where temperatures reach 50C (120F) under the shade. It is common to add a little sugar or jaggery to some of the sabzi/shaak and daal. The sweet flavour of these dishes is believed to neutralize the slightly salty taste of the water.

The cuisine changes with the seasonal availability of vegetables and, in knowledgeable families, the spices also change depending on the season. Garam Masala and its constituent spices are used less in summer. Regular fasting, with diets limited to milk and dried fruits, and nuts, are commonplace.

Gujarati people are very fond of fine dining and this can be seen in their regular diet and great variety in their cuisine. For example, after having bread and main course dishes in their diet, they necessarily need some side dish in their everyday meal like many different types of kachumber (better known as salad), pickles, chutneys, buttermilk and many others. Meals usually come with a sweet dish or mithai as well.

In modern times, some Gujaratis have become increasingly fond of very spicy and fried dishes. There are many chefs who have come up with ultimate fusion of Western and Gujarati food.

A very healthy meal popular in the villages near Saurashtra during the cold winters consists of thick Rotis called as Bhakhri made up of Bajra flours, garlic chutney, onion pieces and lots of Buttermilk. It is a good source of heat which suits the poor villagers working on their fields in the cold days very well.

Sweets made from such ingredients as local sugar cane, jaggery, milk, almonds, and pistachios were originally served at weddings and family occasions as an instant energy booster for relations travelling long distances to attend. They are now being enjoyed every day by those with sedentary occupations.

With so much variety in eating vegetarian food, the famous Indian British cookbook writer Madhur Jaffrey has termed Gujarati cuisine as "the haute cuisine of vegetarianism" in one of her TV serials about Indian food.

Some of the more popular Gujarati dishes are mentioned below.

List of Gujarati dishes

* Sutarfeni
* Halvasan
* Malpua
* Shrikhand
* Keri no ras
* Basundi
* Ghari (sweet from Surat)
* Ghebar or Ghevar (sweet from Surat)
* Puran Poli
* Son Papdi

Diwali Special Snacks

* Cholafali
* Mathia
* Soonvali
* Ghooghra

Farsan (Snacks)

* Handwoh
* Muthia
* Dhokla
* Khandvi
* Patra
* Khichu
* Fafda Jalebi
* Khakhra
* Sev Khamani
* Ganthia
* Khaman
* Lilva Kachori
* Pani Puri
* Chaat

Shaak and Daal

* Undhiyun
* Sev Tametanu Shak
* Meethi (Sweet) Kadhi

Breads

* Thepala
* Dhebara
* Fulka rotli
* Bhakhri
* Bajri no rotlo
* Puri (food)
* Parotha

Other

* Khaman Dhokla
* Kachori
* Khandvi
* Daal Dhokli
* Falafel

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