Indian Langauage
Indian States

Indian Cities

Home
New Delhi
Portblair

Andra Pradesh

Visakhapatnam
Hyderabad
Guntur
Vijayawada

Arunachal Pradesh

Anjaw
West Kameng

Assam

Dispur
Lakhimpur
Guwahati

Bihar

Bhagalpur
Gaya
Patna

Chhattisgarh

Raigarh
Bilaspur
Raipur

Goa

Panaji

Gujarat

Ahmedabad
Gandhinagar
Kutch
Surat
Vadodara

Haryana

Faridabad
Chandigarh

Himachal Preadesh

Manali
Shimla

Jammu Kashmir

Jammu
Srinagar

Jharkhand

Giridih
Ranchi

Karnataka

Banglore
Mangalore
Mysore

Kerala

Kochi
Kozhikode
Thiruvananthapuram

Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal
Indore

Maharashtra

Mumbai
Pune

Manipal

Imphal

Meghalaya

Shillong

Mizoram

Aizawl

Nagaland

Dimapur
Kohima

Orissa

Bhuvanesar
Konark
Puri

Punjab

Chandigarh
Ludhiana

Rrajasthan

Jaipur

Sikkim

Gangtok

Tamil Nadu

Chennai
Coimbatore
Kanchipuram
Madurai
Sivakasi

Tripura

Agartala

Uttarakhand

Dehradun

Uttar Pradesh

Kanpur
Lucknow

Coimbatore

Coimbatore is a major industrial city in India. According to the 2001 census it is the Second largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu. It is the administrative headquarters of Coimbatore District. It is known as Manchester of South India. Is a part of Kongu Nadu region of Tamilnadu ruled by the ancient Western Ganga Dynasty.See also Gounder (caste) for more on Kongunadu history. Coimbatore is known for its textile factories, engineering firms, automobile parts manufacturers, health care facilities, educational institutions, pleasant weather, friendly culture and hospitality. Situated on the banks of the Noyyal river, Coimbatore's name comes from the localo Godess here, Koniyamman. Koniyattamuttur, or "Koniyamuttur" later metamorphosed to Koyamuttur which is anglicised as Coimbatore.

History

Information about the origins of Coimbatore is scarce. During the early period it was ruled by the Karur Sangam Chera . Later, the region passed to the Kongu Rattas and was the heartland of the Ganga kingdoms. A second Chola empire arose in the mid-9th century, and gained the territory encompassing Coimbatore. They established a planned layout, with the Koniamman temple in the center.

History

Information about the origins of Coimbatore is scarce. During the early period it was ruled by the Karur Sangam Chera . Later, the region passed to the Kongu Rattas and was the heartland of the Ganga kingdoms. A second Chola empire arose in the mid-9th century, and gained the territory encompassing Coimbatore. They established a planned layout, with the Koniamman temple in the center.

From the Cholas, then to the Hoysalas of Karnataka in 1291. By the early 14th century, the region was ruled by the Muslim rulers of Madurai under the Delhi Sultanate. The Muslim rule in Madurai was ended in the late 14th century by the newly formed Vijayanagara Empire. The Vijayanagara reign brought new settlers from Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. In the 1550s, the military governors (Nayaks) of the Vijaynagara Empire took control of Madurai, with Coimbatore belonging to their territory. After the downfall of Vijayanagara Empire, the Madurai Nayaks established their state as an independent kingdom, with other Vijayanagar offshoots forming new kingdoms in Vellore, Tanjore, Gingee, Chandragiri and Mysore. The Nayaks introduced the Palayakkarars, who were military governors of their respective regions. By the 1700s, frequent fighting between Madurai and Mysore forces in the Coimbatore region resulted in the village being ruled by Mysore. At this time Coimbatore was still a village of around 3000 people.

In the 1760s, the Mysore throne was usurped in a coup by General Hyder Ali. Ali was hostile to the British, who were gaining a foothold in the area with the help of Arcot Nawab. A series of wars between the British and the Mysore forces continued till Tipu Sultan's death in 1799, when the Mysore throne was handed over to the earlier Mysore rulers. At that time the British annexed the Coimbatore region into the Madras Presidency. When Hyder Ali acquired Coimbatore, the population was around 3000. The village dwindled to 1500 by Tipu's death.

Coimbatore played a prominent role in the Second Poligar War against the British in 1801,when the first attack was done against the British Columns stationed in Coimbatore by the Poligars of Salem, Coimbatore and Dindigul region along with some Malabar and Mysore rebels.

In 1804 Coimbatore was established as a capital for the newly formed Coimbatore district and in 1848, it was accorded the municipality status. Sir Robert Stanes, a British entrepreneur and philanthropist, became the first Chairman of the Coimbatore City Council in the late 19th century and founded Stanes School,a major high school.

In 1981 Coimbatore became a corporation with annexure of the Singanallur municipality.

Economy

The city's primary industries are engineering and textiles. The district also houses the country's largest amount of hosiery and poultry industries. Most of the industries are run by entrepreneurs, often indigenous with family based or community financing. The city's industrial growth started in 1920ís and accelerated after independence, without any government assistance or the entry of external industrial houses. The city serves as the homeground for most of the well known industrialists from Tamil Nadu. Of late, information technology companies have started opening offshore development centres in the city.

Back to top
  Facts about India Cities
 
© Deepthi.com, 2003-2005. All Rights Reserved.
Contact webmaster@deepthi.com for comments and suggestions.
Sania Mirza Tennis Bollywood actors and actresses All about Cartoons & Comics Buy & Sell Stockphotographs from around the World New York Visit Tourism Travel

India India Cricket India Bollywood