Dimapur is the main commercial hub and one of the three municipalities in the state of Nagaland, India, the other two being Kohima and Mokokchung. The name Dimapur comes from the Kachari dialect. Etymologically di means "river", ma means "big" and pur means "city"; in effect, the name means "the city near the great river
"Dimapur" is a later appellation. The Kachari tribe did not have a name for this city, though the Ahoms called it Che-din-chi-pen, or "the brick city". It was also called Che-dima, meaning "city on the Dima River".
Dimapur has the ruins of the 14th century Kachari palace, maintained by the Archaelogical Survey of India.
Economy and transportation
Dimapur is the magnet around which the economic and developmental activities of the state are centred. An important commercial centre for the region, it is also a gateway to Nagaland and Manipur. The National Highway 39 that connects Kohima, Imphal and the Myanmar border at Moreh runs through Dimapur.
Dimapur is also an important military center, with the headquarters of the BRO Sewak located here. There is also a huge CRPF establishment and the Rangapahar army cantonment adjoining the municipality. The peace camp headquarters of the NSCN-IM faction is also located here.
Dimapur is the only city in Nagaland which is connected by rail and air. There are direct trains to New Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore and Chennai from Dimapur. There are also daily flights to Kolkata from Dimapur.