Raipur pronunciation is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. The population is 39,09,887(agglomeration) 2006. Raipur is the 55th largest city agglomeration in India according to the 2001 census. The city is also the administrative headquarters of Raipur District. It was formerly a part of Madhya Pradesh before the state of Chhattisgarh was formed on November 1, 2000. A World Class City Naya Raipur is being developed near Raipur.
On the basis of ruins of a fort and other structures located on the southern part of the city, some historians believe that the city of Raipur was in existence even during the 9th century. However, most historians agree that King Rama Chandra Rai founded the city in the last quarter of the 14th century.
Raipur is primarily a commercial city. Traditionally, the city of Raipur has been described as "an agricultural-processing and saw-milling town". The city is located centrally in the state of Chhattisgarh, and now serves as a regional hub for trade and commerce for a variety of local agricultural and forest products. There are several small-scale industries, which include oil milling, soap manufacturing and electrical welding.
The traditional face of the city is changing, and the city of Raipur and its neighbourhood are now becoming an important regional commercial and industrial destination for the coal, power, steel and aluminium industries. Close to Raipur, several industries have developed:
* several cement units
* marble cutting and polishing industries
* granite cutting and polishing industries
Raipur is India’s biggest iron market - there are about 170 steel rolling mills, 170 sponge iron plants, more than 250 steel plants, 800 agro-industies and 70 ferro-alloy plants in and around the city. There are more than 300 rice milling plants, and all major and local cement manufacturing companies have a presence in the city.
Raipur is believed to become one of the highly developed cities of India and the Commercial Capital of Central India ,leaving Indore and Nagpur much behind , by the end of 2010 .