Bilaspur district is a district of the Chhattisgarh state of India. Bilaspur city is the headquarters of the district.
The area which comprises present-day Bilaspur District was under the control of
the Bhonsla Rajas of Nagpur until 1818 and was governed
by a Maratha ‘Subah’ (district officer). In 1818, the British
started administering the area on behalf of the Raghuji
III who was minor. The area was administered by a commissioner.
In 1853, after the death of Raghuji III, British annexed
the Nagpur Kingdom to British India as Nagpur Province,
and in 1861 when the new Central Provinces was born, Bilaspur
was organized into a separate district . In October 1903,
a new province ‘The Central Provinces and Berar’ was constituted
and Bilaspur District became a part of the Chattisgarh Division
of the province. In October 1905, on transfer of Sambalpur
District to Bengal Province, Chandrapur-Padampur and Malkhurda
estates were transferred to Bilaspur District. In 1906,
when the Drug district (presently Durg District) was formed,
a part of the Mungeli Tahsil was transferred to the new
district. Also, another part of the district was transferred
to the Raipur District. On 25 May 1998, the original Bilaspur
District was split into 3 smaller districts, present Bilaspur,
Korba and Janjgir-Champa.
Bilaspur is the headquarters of South Eastern Coalfields Ltd. the largest and most profitable subsidiary of Coal India. The district of Bilspur also has the largest number of cement factories in the state comprising of manufacturers such as Lafarge, Century, ACC. etc. The bilaspur railway zone has been fifth time in a row awarded as the most profitable railway zone by the ministry of Indian railways this year. The district is also well connected to the rest of the country by means of rail and road network hence improving the economy of the city. The city's main commercial hub is Vyapar Vihar, Telipara, Link Road, Bus Stand Road, Rajiv Plaza and Goal Bazar. Bilaspur is also the Regional Headquarter of Chhattisgarh State Electricity Board, headed by Chief Engineer(BR). The Chief Engineer(BR)has the jurisdiction of Bilaspur, Korba, Janjgir-Champa and Raigarh Districts for supply of electricity to all LT and HT consumers. After Regional Headquarter of Raipur of CSEB, the Bilaspur is the second largest jurisdiction for supply of electricity in Chhattisgarh State.