Tamil Nadu Film
Kollywood is a name often applied to Tamil Cinema, based in Chennai (formerly Madras) in the state of Tamil Nadu in south India. The name is a conflation of Kodambakkam and Hollywood. Kodambakkam is an area in Chennai, in and around which there is a high concentration of film studios, and where many people involved with Tamil cinema live.
Kollywood is the second major film-making industry in India after Bollywood. Kollywood witnessed three new releases on average every week in 2005 and annual turnover of over Rs.2,100 crore ($460 million) on ticket sales of 70 crores. Silent movies were produced in Kollywood since 1916 and the era of talkies dawned in 1931. By the end of the Thirties, the industry was booming so much that the Madras legislature passed the pioneering Tamil Nadu Entertainment Tax Act 1939 with little opposition.
Tamil cinema has the widest distribution after Hindi cinema, it has enjoyed consistent popularity among Tamil speakers in India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore and other South East Asian countries. Tamil-language films have recently become popular in Japan, South Africa and UK and Canada. Many successful Tamil films have been re-made by other film industries like Bollywood.
It is estimated by Manorama Yearbook 2000 that over 5,000-odd Tamil films have been produced in the 20th century. Tamil films have also been dubbed into other languages, thus reaching a much wider audience. Examples of those dubbed into Hindi include such hits as Minsaara Kanavu, Roja and Bombay. Anniyan, a recent Tamil film became the first Indian film to be dubbed into French. See List of popular Kollywood films.
There has been a growing presence of English in dialogues and songs as well. It is not uncommon to see movies which feature dialogues studded with English words and phrases, or even whole sentences. Some movies are also simultaneously made in two or three languages (either using subtitles, or several soundtracks). Quite often, Kollywood movies feature Madras Bashai which is the version of Tamil spoken in Madras.
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