Rajasthan has 32 districts: Ajmer, Alwar, Banswara, Baran, Barmer, Bhilwara, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Bundi, Chittorgarh, Churu, Dausa, Dholpur, Dungarpur, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jhalawar, Jhunjhunu, Jodhpur, Karauli, Kota, Nagaur, Pali, Rajsamand, Sawai Madhopur, Sikar, Sirohi, Tonk, and Udaipur
Rajasthan has a rich and colorful history making it one of the most popular tourist destinations in India.
Rajasthan was earlier called Rajputana (state of Rajputs) after the ruling class of Rajputs. Rajput which literally means 'son of rulers'. Rajput clans rose to prominence in the 6th century, establishing kingdoms in Rajasthan and across northern India. The Rajputs resisted Muslim incursions into India, although a number of Rajput states became tributaries to the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire during those empires' peak of expansion. As these empires weakened, the Rajputs reasserted their independence. With the decline of the Mughal Empire in the 18th century, Rajputana become more and more independent.The Rajput kings concluded treaties with the British in the early 19th century, accepting British sovereignty. Ajmer became a province of British India, while the autonomous Rajput states and a few non-Rajput states (Tonk, Bharatpur, and Dholpur) were organized into the Rajputana Agency.
Rajasthan's independent kingdoms created a rich architectural and cultural heritage, seen today in its numerous forts, palaces and havelis, which are complemented by exceptional examples of Muslim and Jain architecture.
Rajasthan's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $33 billion in current prices.
Rajasthan'economy is primarily agricultural and pastoral. Wheat and barley are cultivated in large areas, as are pulses,sugarcane,and oilseeds.Cotton and tobacco are cash crops. Rajasthan is amomg the largest producer of edible oils in India and the second largest producer of oilseeds.Rajasthan is also the biggest wool-producing state in India. There are mainly two crop seasons. The main source of irrigation is wells and tanks. The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates north western Rajasthan.
Textiles - Rajasthan state is the second largest producer of polyster fibre in India.Bhilwara district produces more cloth than Bhiwandi in Maharashtra.
Minerals - Rajasthan is pre-eminent in quarrying and mining in India.The state is the largest producer of marbles and sandstone, the second largest of cement.It has rich salt deposits at Sambhar and copper mines at Khetri and Dariba.The white marble is mined at Makrana near Jodhpur.