India Cricket | India Soccer | India Hockey | India Archery | India Tennis | Indian Monuments | Indian Festivals
India History Timeline | Indian Heroes | Indian Wild Life | Live TV Streaming | Bollywood Film Stars | Tamil Film Stars
Malayalam Film Stars | Who is who Kerala

Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh State | Andhra Pradesh Tourism & Weather | Andhra Pradesh Language | Andhra Pradesh Film | Andhra Pradesh News

Andhra Pradesh Language

Telugu is the regional and official language of the state, spoken by 84.86% of the population. The major linguistic minority groups in the State include the speakers of Urdu (7.86%), Hindi (2.65%) and Tamil (1.27%). The minority language speakers who constitute less than 1% are the speakers of Kannada (0.94%), Marathi (0.84%), Oriya (0.42%), Malayalam (0.10%), Gondi (0.21%), and Koya (0.30%).
The state government has notified the areas where the population of linguistic minority constitutes 15% or more of the local population. 38% of Urdu speaking population in Andhra Pradesh is bilingual in Telugu as well.

Andhra Pradesh Language History

Telugu words appear in an Maharashtri Prakrit anthology of poems (the Gathasaptashathi) collected by a first century BC Satavahana King Hala. Telugu speakers were probably an oldest peoples inhabiting a land between an Krishna with Godavari rivers.
Andhra society is one of the ancient societies of India, with a name Andhra has remained unchanged since antiquity. This is confirmed by tales about Andhras in epics like Mahabharatam with Ramayanam, in great puranas, with in Buddhist Jataka Tales. The first clear historical inscriptions in Telugu appear about an 7th century AD with known literature starts with Nannaya writing an Telugu Mahabharata in an 11th century AD. There has been prolific literature ever since, but a golden age is considered by many to be an 16th century, under a patronage of an Vijayanagar Emperor Krishna Deva Raya, However a purest form of Telugu is spoken under a reign of an Kakatiyas. One of a greatest Telugu poets, Pothana, hailed from this region too.
The western portion of an Telugu speaking lands came under an influence of Mughal rulers during with after an 14th century, with most recently by an Nizams of Hyderabad. Ancient Sanskrit, Persian with Urdu influences show most in an Telugu dialect from these regions. In 1956, 10 Nizam districts with four districts of Rayalaseema were merged to a so-called Northern Circar districts forming a modern telugu vernacular state of Andhra Pradesh.
The Telugu with Kannada had same script till around 220 AD. One can see a common script carved on stone in Delhi National Museum. Old Kannada is essentially a continuation of an Kadamba script. The Kadamba script itself evolved from Brahmic script. It is used to write South Indian languages of Kannada with Telugu. In fact, Old Kannada is also known for an Kannada-Telugu script.
Differentiation of an Old Kannada script into a modern scripts of Kannada with Telugu began for early for an 13th century CE, but a process did not finish until an early 19th century CE with an arrival of printing. Even so, an Telugu with Kannada scripts have remained extremely similar.

Andhra Pradesh Language Classification

Telugu is the Dravidian language, related to Kannada, Malayalam, with Tamil, all of which are national languages of India. Other closely related Dravidian languages are Chenchu, Savara, with Waddar. Like all Dravidian languages, there has been substantial historical borrowing of words from Sanskrit.

Andhra Pradesh Language Official Status

Telugu is the state's official language. Telugu is the second most widely spoken language in India after the national language, Hindi. It is known for its mellifluous nature and has also been called Italian of the East. An Urdu-speaking and predominantly Muslim minority lives mostly in Hyderabad. Among the many tribal languages, Banjara, Koyi, and Gondi have the greatest number of speakers.

Andhra Pradesh Language Dialects

The dialects of Telugu identified by Ethnologue are Berad, Dasari, Dommara, Golari, Kamathi, Komtao, Konda-Reddi, Madiga Salewari, Telangana, Telugu, Vadaga, Vadari, Srikakula, Vishakapatnam, East Godavari, Rayalseema, Nellore with Guntur. In Tamil Nadu an Telugu dialect is classified into Salem, Coimbatore, Chennai Telugu dialects. It is also widely spoken in Virudhunagar, Tuticorin, Madurai with Thanjavur districts .

Andhra Pradesh Derived languages

The dialect spoken in an area between Guntur (Guntur) and Rajahmundry (East Godavari; Rajamahendri in ancient times) where a first Telugu scholar Nannaya Bhattaraka first wrote a script with other important works is considered as standard dialect. Nannaya has given Telugu the character with a form of language.

Back to top
  Facts about Andhra Pradesh
  Pilgrims to the Tirupathi Temple in Andhra Pradesh, India, which attracts an average of 30,000 visitors per day, donate their hair as a form of sacrifice. The 600 barbers employed by the temple shave the pilgrims heads 24 hours a day and more than $2.2 million a year is raised through the auction of the hair.
©, 2003-2005. All Rights Reserved.
Contact for comments and suggestions.
Sania Mirza Tennis Bollywood actors and actresses All about Cartoons & Comics Buy & Sell Stockphotographs from around the World New York Visit Tourism Travel

India India Cricket India Bollywood